Authors: Slavov SN, Giovanetti M, Bezerra RS, Fonseca V, Santos EV, Rodrigues ES, Adelino T, Xavier J, Borges JS, Evaristo M, Pereira GC, Yamamoto AY, Clé DV, Calado RT, Covas DT, Alcantara LCJ, Kashima S
Journal: Infect Genet Evol, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2021.104976
The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of an unprecedented worldwide pandemic. Brazil demonstrates one of the highest numbers of confirmed SARS-CoV-2 cases, and São Paulo State is the epicenter of the pandemics in the country. Nevertheless, little is known about the SARS-CoV-2 circulation in other cities in the State than São Paulo city. The objective of this study was to analyze phylogenetically SARS-CoV-2 strains circulating in city of Ribeirão Preto at the beginning of the pandemic and during the actual second wave. Twenty-nine nasopharyngeal SARS-CoV-2 RNA positive samples were sequenced by nanopore technology (18 obtained at the initial period of the pandemic and 11 during the second wave) and analyzed them phylogenetically. The performed analysis demonstrated that the majority of the strains obtained in the initial period of the pandemic in Ribeirão Preto belonged mainly to the B1.1.33 lineage (61.1%), but B.1.1 (27.8%) and B.1.1.28 (11.1%) lineages were also identified. In contrast, the second wave strains were composed exclusively by the Brazilian variant of concern (VOC) P.1 (91%) and P.2 (9%) lineages. The obtained phylogenetic results were suggestive of successive SARS-CoV-2 lineage substitution in this Brazilian region by the P.1 VOC. The performed study examines the SARS-CoV-2 genotypes in Ribeirão Preto city via genomic surveillance data. The obtained findings can contribute for continuous long-term genomic surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 due to the accelerated dynamics of viral lineage substitution, predict further waves and examine lineage behavior during SARS-CoV-2 vaccination.